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Understanding Anxiety Disorders: Unraveling the Knots of Worry

Written byDesiree Smith

Anxiety disorders affect millions of adults worldwide, and it is crucial to understand this complex mental health condition to seek appropriate support and relief. This blog post aims to thoroughly explain anxiety disorders, shedding light on the underlying causes, common symptoms, and evidence-based treatment approaches. As mental health practitioners with a passion for medication-related treatment practices, we here at iTrust Wellness Group believe that knowledge can empower individuals to navigate their mental health journey effectively.

Defining Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety disorders are not simply occasional feelings of nervousness or stress. Instead, they represent a group of conditions characterized by persistent and excessive worry, fear, or unease. These feelings often disrupt daily life, making it challenging for individuals to engage in regular activities and relationships (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013).

Common Types and Symptoms

Within the realm of anxiety disorders, several subtypes exist, each with its own unique set of symptoms. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) involves chronic worry about various aspects of life, even when there is no apparent reason. Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) leads to an intense fear of judgment and embarrassment in social situations. Panic Disorder manifests as sudden and recurring panic attacks, accompanied by physical symptoms like palpitations and shortness of breath (APA, 2013).

Other anxiety disorders include specific phobias, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Each type presents its challenges, but recognizing the symptoms is the first step towards finding appropriate treatment (Smith, 2023).

Causes and Contributing Factors

Anxiety disorders result from a complex interplay of biological, environmental and psychological factors. Genetics can play a role, as individuals with a family history of anxiety disorders may be more predisposed to develop them. Traumatic experiences, chronic stress and major life changes can also contribute to the onset of anxiety disorders (APA, 2013).

Neurotransmitters like serotonin, norepinephrine, and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) play essential roles in regulating mood and anxiety. Imbalances in these neurotransmitters may contribute to the development of anxiety disorders (Smith, 2023).

Treatment Options

Fortunately, anxiety disorders are treatable, and several evidence-based approaches can help individuals manage their symptoms effectively. As psychiatric prescribing providers, we utilize a combination of medication and therapeutic approaches to provide holistic care at iTrust Wellness Group. Types of treatment options for anxiety disorders include:

  1. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) – CBT helps individuals identify and modify negative thought patterns and behaviors that contribute to anxiety. It equips them with coping mechanisms to navigate challenging situations (Smith, 2023).
  2. Medication – Psychopharmacological interventions, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), can help regulate neurotransmitter imbalances and alleviate symptoms (APA, 2013).
  3. Mindfulness and Relaxation Techniques – Mindfulness practices, like medication and deep breathing exercises, can promote relaxation and reduce anxiety levels (Smith, 2023).

The Takeaway

Understanding anxiety disorders is a vital step towards destigmatizing mental health conditions and encouraging individuals to seek help. With the right support and treatment, individuals can untangle the knots of worry and lead fulfilling lives. As mental healthcare providers, iTrust Wellness Group’s mission is to continue advocating for patient education, research, and compassionate care to improve the lives of those living with anxiety disorders. Remember, you are not alone in this journey and help is always available (Smith, 2023).


American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.

Smith, J. (2023). Personal Communication. July 17, 2023.

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